What you can do
What are alcohol disorders?
Alcohol use disorders are medical conditions that doctors can diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes distress or harm. In the United States, about 18 million people have an alcohol use disorder, classified as either alcohol dependence—perhaps better known as alcoholism—or alcohol abuse.
Alcoholism, the more serious of the disorders, is a disease that includes symptoms such as:
Craving—A strong need, or urge, to drink.
Loss of control—Not being able to stop drinking once drinking has begun.
Dependence—Withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and negative emotional states such as anxiety, after stopping drinking.a
Tolerance—The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol to feel the same effect.
People who are alcoholic often will spend a great deal of their time drinking, making sure they can get alcohol, and recovering from alcohol’s effects, often at the expense of other activities and responsibilities.
Although people who abuse alcohol are not physically dependent, they still have a serious disorder. They may not fulfill responsibilities at home, work, or school because of their drinking. They may also put themselves in dangerous situations (like driving under the influence) or have legal or social problems (such as arrests or arguments with family members) due to their drinking.*
Like many other diseases, alcoholism is typically considered chronic, meaning that it lasts a person's lifetime. However, we continue to learn more and more about alcohol abuse and alcoholism; and what we’re learning is changing our perceptions of the disease. For instance, data from NIAAA’s National Epidemiological Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions has shown that more than 70 percent of people who develop alcohol dependence have a single episode that lasts on average 3 or 4 years. Data from the same survey also show that many people who seek formal treatment are able to remain alcohol free, and many others recover without formal treatment.
However severe the problem may seem, many people with an alcohol use disorder can benefit from treatment. Talk with your doctor to determine the best course of action for you, or see http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov/ToolsResources/Resources.asp#Pro... for resources
Tips for Cutting Down on Drinking
Older Adults and Alcohol: You Can Get Help
A Family History of Alcoholism - Are You at Risk?
When an alcoholic decides to quit drinking they are faced with the constant dilemma of what to do with their free time. For a person who has spent so much of their past drinking and being intoxicated, the prospect of moving forward in sobriety can be overwhelming.
For those who have do not struggle with addiction, this may seem like a false dilemma. There are clearly countless alternatives to drinking that a person can enjoy. However, a person whose past is characterized by addiction may have difficulty coming to the same conclusion. In this case, creative ideas and a supportive group of non-drinking friends are essential.
Your Life. Your Choice.
Funding was made possible (in part) by Grant Number 5U79SPO1556 from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of SAMHSA.